November issue

Is grammar important?

Swedish immigrants generally know the Swedish grammar rules way better than the Swedes. Does that mean that they are better at the Swedish language? No. So is grammar important? This is a question that is often discussed while learning or teaching a language. After teaching Swedish to immigrants in Sweden for many years I find that the answer varies from individual to individual. Some learn by listening and automating the language. Others need to find a structure and understand “why” while learning the language. It is for that group that grammar can be used as a tool. My experience teaching to Swedish immigrants have given me the impression that the “need-grammar” group is big. The majority of Swedish immigrants learning Swedish always want more grammar lessons.

I try to describe grammar as a tool to use on the road to a new language. It is not the goal of the language destination. Being good at grammar doesn’t mean that you are good at the language but for many people it helps to structure the language and feel more secure in what is right and wrong.

In the upcoming Swedish Press issues you’ll learn elementary Swedish grammar. Today you’ll learn more about pronouns. Feel free to ask me Swedish language questions through Swedish Press!  /Åsa Bouck, Swedish2go


Pronouns in subjective form

 

Jag                          =             I

Du                          =             You

Han                        =             He

Hon                        =             She        (Learn the difference right away between han/hon and you will save yourself a lot of embarrassing trouble.)

Den, Det                 =             It

 

Vi                            =             We

Ni                            =             You (Note that Swedes make a difference between singular and plural.)

De                          =             They

 

 

Pronouns in objective form

 

Mig                        =             Me

Dig                          =             You

Honom                 =             Him

Henne                  =             Her

 

Oss                         =             Us

Er                            =             You

Dem                      =             Them    (De and Dem is pronounced the same: Dom)

 

 

 

 

Höstord

Here are a few words that you may need to be able to talk about the fall to a Swede this season. Practice them, and try to find 8 of them in the word puzzle below.

 

       En höst                    = a fall/an autumn

Kall                         = cold

Kylig                       = chilly

Blåsig                     = windy

Mörker                 = darkness

En färg                  = a colour

Ett löv                   = a leaf

Att kratta             = to rake

(we use the phrase: kratta löv)

Ett ljus                  = a candle/ a light

Att tända             = to light

(we use the phrase: tända ljus)

 

 

F

I

K

E

L

O

V

Å

K

A

E

B

F

S

R

Ö

G

N

U

H

O

S

T

P

A

M

A

C

T

A

N

D

A

R

R

E

R

Ö

T

D

I

K

R

A

T

T

A

T

G

R

B

M

O

R

K

E

R

T

T

D

K

K

U

L

W

E

B

B

Y

F

Ä

L

R

E

T

F

Å

V

I

Å

L

Ä

N

J

A

R

E

G

G

S

E

F

Ö

R

D

U

T

Ö

L

M

L

Ö

I

V

A

G

A

S

A

H

Ö

S

T

P

R

G

S

S

Å

X

L

E

V

E

T

A

N

D

A

S

K

A

S

W

E

D

I

S

H

2

G

O

J

A

 

 

Test your knowledge of Swedish pronouns

I love you.                                                           = ________________ älskar _________________.

We are going to Sweden with you all.     = __________________ åker till Sverige med ____________ alla.

She is often buying flowers for him.        = _________________ köper ofta blommor till _____________.

They want to meet them.                            = _________________ vill träffa __________________.